A new stadium will enable Feyenoord to boost its budget for players by generating additional and increased revenue. This will help to sustain the club’s position among the top teams in Europe. Further, the new stadium will be part of a major urban development called Feyenoord City. The project is important for the municipality of Rotterdam because it is the catalyst for development of the complete Rotterdam Zuid area.
In 2018 Royal HaskoningDHV created the Preliminary Design for a new stadium in Rotterdam for our client Feyenoord City, a joint venture between the football organisation Feyenoord and Stadion Feyenoord. This was done in collaboration with OMA. Our design services included Structural Design, Wind Engineering, Building Services, MER (environmental effects assessment), Sustainability, Noise Comfort and Safety, Traffic and Underground Infrastructure. In February 2019, the Preliminary Design developed into a Final Design, which we are currently working on.
The plan consists of a new stadium for 63,000 spectators located slightly north of the existing stadium. Approximately 70,000 m2 of the gross floor area is dedicated to catering, sanitary facilities, football technical issues, press areas, meeting locations, business areas and parking. The grandstands will be fully covered and a retractable roof installed above the pitch. From a technical perspective, the new location is very interesting, lying between the railway to the West and the Nieuwe Maas (river) to the East. Additionally, the Korte Stadionweg (road) and the main utility duct pose challenges for a proper integral design. The stadium is designed to be the most sustainable in the Netherlands.
Setting up a parametric model from day one and maintaining the model during the design process was a very efficient method to realise the optimum sightline for each individual seat. This is the number one performance indicator for spectators’ football experience. Further, the model was the ideal solution for budget-driven design because it gives early insight in all components – and therefore construction cost. To meet the client’s sustainability requirements, induction of energy within the stadium will benefit the surrounding premises. On other sustainability measures the stadium also scores higher than competitor venues.
In addition to these benefits, the model enabled us to produce 3D visualisations from the beginning of the project which gave the involved parties early insight into the design. With these visualisations, the parties could quickly understand the state of the design and efficiently inform their own stakeholders and decision makers. Finally, we were able to perform variant studies with the parametric model in a particularly efficient way. With our method of modelling, we could study serious variants in the field of Structural- and MEP-design and Sustainability within a matter of days, including engineering and cost calculations. With this data, we could determine together with our client the right design approach and way forward.
Compiling a well-integrated design in which the interests of the client and stakeholders are respected for such a large and complex project is a technical challenge in itself. The challenge was further increased by the ambitious Schematic Design by OMA which served as the starting point for the preliminary design, especially considering the allocated budget. In-depth technical knowledge combined with parametric design enabled us to successfully complete this challenge.
On completion of the preliminary design phase, Royal HaskoningDHV delivered an extensive document in which all the currently known and relevant aspects are addressed: the integrated design, the adjacent surroundings (structures, ducts, roads, river), and other interfaces. The preliminary design meets the technical requirements within the available budget. After a review-and-reconsideration period during which all wishes and requirements were once again clarified and studied, Feyenoord City decided to proceed with the Final Design phase at the beginning of 2019.