The Port of Venice needed a terminal concept, capable of handling Ultra Large Container Vessels (ULCV). However, environmental constraints in the Venice Lagoon meant that the original port location was not a viable option.
Royal HaskoningDHV was awarded the international tender to develop an innovative offshore port concept, with help from local partner F&M Ingegneria. Containers would be transferred from offshore to the onshore terminal and back using cranes, barges and semi-submersible vessels. The concept eliminates ‘dead time’ during loading and unloading, and allows more flexibility at peak times. Concepts for the semi-submersible vessels were developed with BMT Titron, and included features such as a low wash hull form, to minimise wave impact to sensitive habitats in the Venice Lagoon, and natural gas engines to reduce emissions.
The one million TEU/annum solution developed by the team included low carbon technologies. It provides whole-life equipment cost savings of 25% per TEU, compared to a traditional approach, which were achieved by sourcing equipment and systems already available on the market, like the Ship to Shore Cranes and the Automated Straddle Carriers. The robust concept developed by Royal HaskoningDHV has now been presented and the client is in the process of attracting an operator.