Digital transformation in the design and engineering of a 60,000-seat stadium.
The design for the new Feyenoord stadium that is planned in Rotterdam presented a challenge. Stakeholder demands were numerous and every single one of the 60,000 seats needs to provide the best possible view of the game.
Together with architectural firm OMA, we worked hard to deliver the best result for our client Feyenoord City. By adopting a parametric way of working, we were able to manage the complexity, meet stakeholder requirements, offer a fantastic sightline from every seat and explore multiple iterations quickly to deliver the perfect structure.
The parametric model also provides advantages in the on-going design process due to flexibility offered by scripted links. The advantage for the customer is that we can continue to study alternative solutions and, if viable, can implement them very efficiently in our deliverables.
Delivering the perfect bowl
From the start of the project we developed a parametric model of the stadium to be able to optimise architecture, structure and building services. An interactive 3D model was used to configure the stadium by changing key parameters. In interactive workshops with OMA and Feyenoord City we tested different configurations and seating arrangements, while monitoring the impact of these changes on the structure and budget in real time. Algorithms optimised the height of each row to ensure a perfect view for the spectators and maximise the yield of the solar panels on the roof.
Setting up a parametric model from day one and maintaining the model during the design process allowed us to help Feyenoord City achieve their ambition. The result is a design for an iconic state-of-the-art stadium which delivers amazing pitch views from every seat and meets all the criteria set by UEFA to enable it to host major international cup finals. The characteristic oval ring-shaped stadium offers a unique experience for the spectators and captures the beloved ‘infinite loop’ atmosphere of the existing Kuip.
"It would not have been possible to do this design manually because of the multiplicity of unique elements,” said Gijs Joosen. “With a complex building, challenges need to be solved in a different way. That’s what the parametric way of working offers – as well as advantages of flexibility, optimisation, speed and cost."