In the face of increasing demand for natural gas and a shortfall in existing supply, the Government of Jordan needed to import natural gas. A fast-track solution was to import natural gas in liquid form (LNG) via a Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU).
Jordan relied on two sources of gas supply: the Risha gas field and Egyptian gas via the Jordan Gas Transmission Pipeline (JGTP) imports. In 2011, Egyptian gas imports into the country were severely disrupted and to face this challenge, and meet demand, the Government of Jordan started working on bringing in supplemental gas from other sources to the Jordanian market.
The creation of a Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU) terminal was deemed the ideal solution to meet the needs of the Jordanian government. Royal HaskoningDHV provided surveys and investigations, the overall master plan and associated metocean, navigation and safety studies.
The subsequent design included a single jetty for berthing the FSRU and the adjacent LNG Carrier that replenishes the FSRU via ship-to-ship transfer.
The marine terminal includes a jetty head extending to land in the form of a platform, with four breasting ‘dolphins’ and two mooring dolphins on each side of the berth to reduce movement of the FSRU. Quick release hooks are provided at the jetty to allow for fast departure in case of emergency.
Related onshore facilities are primarily associated with safe transmission of gas and metering before transfer into the grid. The LNG import and gas transfer is operated from the FSRU and onshore processes are automated where possible.
As a short-term solution to increasing demand, speed and efficiency were of the essence in this project - and in June 2015, the FSRU facility was opened ahead of schedule.