Author: Yijun Wang
In the field of port design there is a need for a reliable but time-efficient method to assess the behavior of moored ships in order to determine if further detailed analysis of the behavior is required. The response of moored ships induced by gusting wind and/or waves is dynamic. Excessive motion response may cause interruption of the (un)loading operation. High line tension may cause lines to snap, introducing dangerous situations. A (detailed) Dynamic Mooring Analysis (DMA), however, is often a time-consuming and expensive exercise, especially when responses in many different environmental conditions need to be assessed.
Royal HaskoningDHV has developed a time-efficient computational tool in-house to assess the wave (sea or swell) induced dynamic response of ships moored to exposed berths. The mooring line characteristics are linearized and the equations of motion are solved in the frequency domain with both the 1st and 2ndwave forces taken into account. This tool has been termed Less=Moor.
The accuracy and reliability of the computational tool has been illustrated by comparing motions and mooring line forces to results obtained with software that solves the nonlinear equations of motion in the time domain (aNySIM). The calculated response of a Floating Storage and Regasification Unit (FSRU) moored to dolphins located offshore has been presented.
The results show a good comparison. The computational tool can therefore be used to indicate whether the wave induced response of ships moored at exposed berths proves to be critical. The next step is to make this tool suitable to assess the dynamic response of moored ships with large wind areas, e.g. container ships, cruise vessels, RoRo or car carriers, to gusting wind. In addition, assessment of ship responses in a complicated wave field (e.g. with reflected infra-gravity waves) also requires more research effort.